Surgery is a medical procedure that’s been in use for centuries now to repair the damage done by an injury or a disease. There are different kinds of surgeries that can be performed on a patient based on the disease or injury he/she is suffering from. An orthopaedic surgeon uses both surgical and non-surgical procedures to treat diseases and injuries of the body’s musculoskeletal system.
Why Orthopaedic Surgery?
Musculoskeletal diseases and injuries are becoming a growing source of disability. Musculoskeletal system gives body the required support for stability and movement. Any problems in any of the areas of this system can lead to several serious health issues. This can cause musculoskeletal traumas, tumours, degenerative diseases, infections, congenital disorders and injuries.
Most common surgical orthopaedic procedures: Orthopaedic surgeons perform several surgical procedures to treat injuries or diseases. Arthroscopy is one such minimally invasive (keyhole) surgical procedure performed using special equipment and camera to treat problems inside a joint. In cases where the bones have to be fused together with bone grafts and metal rods, they might perform a welding or a fusion procedure. Joint replacements are done when the joint gets damaged or is arthritic. They can correct the bone deformity by cutting or repositioning the bone. Internal fixing is done in cases requiring the bone to be held in a proper position with metal plates, pins or screws while the bone is healing. When soft tissues like tendons or ligaments require mending, they perform soft tissue repair.
When to consult: Orthopaedic surgeons diagnose and treat a variety of conditions that affect bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves and joints. So if you have injuries or diseases such as arthritis, knee problems, dislocations, fractures, strains, sprains, spine disorders, damages to muscles, ligament or tendons, bow legs, club foot, knock knees, hammer toes, etc. meet with an orthopaedic surgeon to get the proper diagnosis and treatment for your problems.
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